Understanding Audits:
The chiropractor’s guide to administrative compliance

Welcome to Understanding Audits!  We developed this resource as a supplement to our Understanding Extended Health Care guide. It’s intended to help you proactively manage your practice to minimize the difficulty and inconvenience of an audit. We’ve also included some information and tips to assist you if this happens.

The purpose of this tool is to provide background information for you as an Ontario Chiropractic Association (OCA) member. It is not a substitute for legal advice.


What is an EHC Audit?
Extended Health Care (EHC) coverage is an employee benefit paid for by employers (plan sponsors) and administered by the life and health insurance industry. Insurers administer this coverage according to terms and conditions set out in plan contracts with employers.

Insurance companies specifically design contracts to allow them to request additional information from patients and their health care professionals. This is a standard condition of reimbursement for insured products and services. These requests for further information are sometimes known as audits.

An audit may be minor, such as a routine claim verification, or it may be more serious and comprehensive (e.g., involve an investigation).

According to the Canadian Life and Health Insurance Association (CLHIA):

“The objective of an audit is to establish that the services were provided to
the patient and that the claim is eligible according to the terms of the contract.¹”

For an alternative to the online version click/tap the button below.

PDF of Understanding Audits Guide

Most of the time audits are routine and quickly resolved. However, if an audit reveals a lack of compliance with the College of Chiropractors of Ontario’s (CCO) standards of care and/or insurers’ policies, this can have serious consequences. These may include financial penalties (e.g., claims repayment), administrative action by the insurer, and/or disciplinary action by the CCO. In extreme cases, an insurer may decide to permanently delist you, and possibly your entire clinic. This means that you and your patients will no longer be eligible to bill or submit claims to that insurer.

If you are facing an audit and need more information and support, contact the OCA and/or the Canadian Chiropractic Protective Association (CCPA).


[1] PCLHIA (2019). “Provider Audits” in Supplementary Health Insurance Explained.

Table of Contents

Types of Audits

Section highlights:
Routine Audits and Claim Verifications
In-depth Audits

Audit Dos and Don’ts

Section highlights:
Spotlight on Co-payments

How to Prepare for an Audit

Section highlights:
Information insurers may request

Navigating the Audit Process

Section highlights:
Results of failing to respond to information requests

Audit Checklist

Section highlights:
Leading record keeping, billing, and internal audit practices